Article | May 12, 2021
If you want an explicit answer without having to know the extra details, then here it is: Yes, there is a possibility that quantum computers can replace supercomputers in the field of high performance computing, under certain conditions.
Now, if you want to know how and why this scenario is a possibility and what those conditions are, I’d encourage you to peruse the rest of this article. To start, we will run through some very simple definitions.
If you work in the IT sector, you probably would have heard of the terms ‘high performance computing’, ‘supercomputers’ and ‘quantum computers’ many times. These words are thrown around quite often nowadays, especially in the area of data science and artificial intelligence. Perhaps you would have deduced their meanings from their context of use, but you may not have gotten the opportunity to explicitly sit down and do the required research on what they are and why they are used. Therefore, it is a good idea to go through their definitions, so that you have a better understanding of each concept.
High Performance Computing: It is the process of carrying out complex calculations and computations on data at a very high speed. It is much faster than regular computing.
Supercomputer: It is a type of computer that is used to efficiently perform powerful and quick computations.
Quantum Computing: It is a type of computer that makes use of quantum mechanics’ concepts like entanglement and superposition, in order to carry out powerful computations.
Now that you’ve gotten the gist of these concepts, let’s dive in a little more to get a wider scope of how they are implemented throughout the world.
High performance computing is a thriving area in the sector of information technology, and rightly so, due to the rapid surge in the amount of data that is produced, stored, and processed every second. Over the last few decades, data has become increasingly significant to large corporations, small businesses, and individuals, as a result of its tremendous potential in their growth and profit. By properly analysing data, it is possible to make beneficial predictions and determine optimal strategies.
The challenge is that there are huge amounts of data being generated every day. If traditional computers are used to manage and compute all of this data, the outcome would take an irrationally long time to be produced. Massive amounts of resources like time, computational power, and expenses would also be required in order to effectuate such computations.
Supercomputers were therefore introduced into the field of technology to tackle this issue. These computers facilitate the computation of huge quantities of data at much higher speeds than a regular computer. They are a great investment for businesses that require data to be processed often and in large amounts at a time. The main advantage of supercomputers is that they can do what regular computers need to do, but much more quickly and efficiently. They have an overall
high level of performance.
Till date, they have been applied in the following domains:
• Nuclear Weapon Design
• Medical Diagnosis
• Weather Forecasting
• Online Gaming
• Study of Subatomic Particles
• Tackling the COVID-19 Pandemic
Quantum computers, on the other hand, use a completely different principle when functioning. Unlike regular computers that use bits as the smallest units of data, quantum computers generate and manipulate ‘qubits’ or ‘quantum bits’, which are subatomic particles like electrons or photons. These qubits have two interesting quantum properties which allow them to powerfully compute data –
• Superposition: Qubits, like regular computer bits, can be in a state of 1 or 0. However, they also have the ability to be in both states of 1 and 0 simultaneously. This combined state allows quantum computers to calculate a large number of possible outcomes, all at once. When the final outcome is determined, the qubits fall back into a state of either 1 or 0. This property iscalled superposition.
• Entanglement: Pairs of qubits can exist in such a way that two members of a pair of qubits exist in a single quantum state. In such a situation, changing the state of one of the qubits can instantly change the state of the other qubit. This property is called entanglement.
Their most promising applications so far include:
• Drug Designing
• Financial Modelling
• Weather Forecasting
• Artificial Intelligence
• Workforce Management
Despite their distinct features, both supercomputers and quantum computers are immensely capable of providing users with strong computing facilities. The question is, how do we know which type of system would be the best for high performance computing?
High performance computing requires robust machines that can deal with large amounts of data - This involves the collection, storage, manipulation, computation, and exchange of data in order to derive insights that are beneficial to the user. Supercomputers have successfully been used so far for such operations.
When the concept of a quantum computer first came about, it caused quite a revolution within the scientific community. People recognised its innumerable and widespread abilities, and began working on ways to convert this theoretical innovation into a realistic breakthrough.
What makes a quantum computer so different from a supercomputer? Let’s have a look at Table 1.1 below.
From the table, we can draw the following conclusions about supercomputers and quantum computers -
1. Supercomputers have been around for a longer duration of time, and are therefore more advanced. Quantum computers are relatively new and still require a great depth of research to sufficiently comprehend their working and develop a sustainable system.
2. Supercomputers are easier to provide inputs to, while quantum computers need a different input mechanism.
3. Supercomputers are fast, but quantum computers are much faster.
4. Supercomputers and quantum computers have some similar applications.
5. Quantum computers can be perceived as extremely powerful and highly advanced supercomputers.
Thus, we find that while supercomputers surpass quantum computers in terms of development and span of existence, quantum computers are comparatively much better in terms of capability and performance.
We have seen what supercomputers and quantum computers are, and how they can be applied in real-world scenarios, particularly in the field of high performance computing. We have also gone through their differences and made significant observations in this regard.
We find that although supercomputers have been working great so far, and they continue to provide substantial provisions to researchers, organisations, and individuals who require intense computational power for the quick processing of enormous amounts of data, quantum computers have the potential to perform much better and provide faster and much more adequate results.
Thus, quantum computers can potentially make supercomputers obsolete, especially in the field of high performance computing, if and only if researchers are able to come up with a way to make the development, deployment, and maintenance of these computers scalable, feasible, and optimal for consumers.
Article | March 30, 2020
Most businesses do not have contingency or business continuity plans that correlate to the world we see unfold before us—one in which we seem to wake up to an entirely new reality each day. Broad mandates to work at home are now a given. But how do we move beyond this and strategically prepare for—and respond to—business implications resulting from the coronavirus pandemic? Some of our customers are showing us how. These organizations have developed comprehensive, real-time operational intelligence views of their global teams—some in only 24-48 hours—that help them better protect their remote workforces, customers, and business at hand.
Article | January 6, 2021
As the organizations go digital the amount of data generated whether in-house or from outside is humongous. In fact, this data keeps increasing with every tick of the clock.
There is no doubt about the fact that most of this data can be junk, however, at the same time this is also the data set from where an organization can get a whole lot of insight about itself.
It is a given that organizations that don’t use this generated data to build value to their organization are prone to speed up their obsolescence or might be at the edge of losing the competitive edge in the market.
Interestingly it is not just the larger firms that can harness this data and analytics to improve their overall performance while achieving operational excellence. Even the small size private equity firms can also leverage this data to create value and develop competitive edge. Thus private equity firms can achieve a high return on an initial investment that is low.
Private Equity industry is skeptical about using data and analytics citing the reason that it is meant for larger firms or the firms that have deep pockets, which can afford the revamping cost or can replace their technology infrastructure. While there are few private equity investment professionals who may want to use this advanced data and analytics but are not able to do so for the lack of required knowledge.
US Private Equity Firms are trying to understand the importance of advanced data and analytics and are thus seeking professionals with the expertise in dealing with data and advanced analytics. For private equity firms it is imperative to comprehend that data and analytics’ ability is to select the various use cases, which will offer the huge promise for creating value. Top Private Equity firms all over the world can utilize those use cases and create quick wins, which will in turn build momentum for wider transformation of businesses.
Pinpointing the right use cases needs strategic thinking by private equity investment professionals, as they work on filling the relevant gaps or even address vulnerabilities. Private Equity professionals most of the time are also found thinking operationally to recognize where can they find the available data.
Top private equity firms in the US have to realize that the insights which Big data and advanced analytics offer can result in an incredible opportunity for the growth of private equity industry. As Private Equity firms realize the potential and the power of big data and analytics they will understand the invaluableness of the insights offered by big data and analytics.
Private Equity firms can use the analytics insights to study any target organization including its competitive position in the market and plan their next move that may include aggressive bidding for organizations that have shown promise for growth or leaving the organization that is stuffed with loads of underlying issues.
But for all these and also to build careers in private equity it is important to have reputed qualification as well. A qualified private equity investment professional will be able to devise information-backed strategies in no time at all.
In addition, with Big Data and analytics in place, private equity firms can let go of numerous tasks that are done manually and let the technology do the dirty work. There have been various studies that show how big data and analytics can help a private Equity firm.
Article | February 27, 2020
When it comes to adopting artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) capabilities, it’s important to look at its range of effects from many different viewpoints.According to Senior Advisor for AI at the Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA) Martin Stanley, his agency wanted to look at adoption through three different perspectives: how CISA was going to use AI, how stakeholders will use AI, and how U.S. adversaries are going to use AI.You have to understand the needs of your stakeholders, but you also have to do it fast,” Stanley said at a Feb. 26 ServiceNow Federal Forum, adding that it’s a challenge to take in all the necessary information and deliver an outcome. AI and ML can help streamline this process. Stanley spoke about how a big percentage of the AI implementation is being purposeful in how the government’s data is managed and taking care of the data and technology is a key part to the adoption process. He also added that helping people by making work more efficient is key to why AI adoption is important saying: At the end of the day, this is all about helping people.