Using Data and Analytics to Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections

| September 27, 2018

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David Williams is Vice President and General Manager of Conduent Healthcare Provider Solutions. Every week it seems like there's a report about a new super bug that can put you at risk when you're in a hospital. This is on top of all the other hospital-borne infections (staph, pneumonia, UTIs, etc.) that leave patients vulnerable. One survey by Health Catalyst indicated that about 80% of hospital executives believe healthcare could be improved via the use of data analytics. These execs have the right idea — and many of them are already using data and predictive analytics to fight back against these infections and protect their patients’ health.

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BCX is Africa’s leading premier ICT solutions and service provider with the technology, capability and skills to deliver end-to-end digital solutions for large and medium enterprises in the public and private sectors. BCX leads with an unrivalled ICT solutions embedded on the foundation of unmatched Data Centre and Network Infrastructure and include world class solutions in ICT consulting and digital readiness assessments; a complete range of managed solutions that include both LAN and WAN; unified communications and connectivity solutions.

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How Better Asset Data Drives Better Capital Planning

Article | April 16, 2021

What are your physical assets telling you? Are they performing to design capacity? Are they providing the expected return on investment? Are they aging and in need of capital investment or replacement? We live in an increasingly data-rich environment, and successful companies must take full advantage of transforming data to information. Among manufacturers there’s growing awareness of how data and analytics can drive operations and maintenance, predicting breakdowns and reducing downtime. However, it’s possible to go further. A mostly untapped opportunity for manufacturers exists in the use of operational data from the factory floor to inform better capital allocation decisions.

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Man Vs. Machine: Peaking into the Future of Artificial Intelligence

Article | March 15, 2021

Stephen Hawking, one of the finest minds to have ever lived, once famously said, “AI is likely to be either the best or the worst thing to happen to humanity.” This is of course true, with valid arguments both for and against the proliferation of AI. As a practitioner, I have witnessed the AI revolution at close quarters as it unfolded at breathtaking pace over the last two decades. My personal view is that there is no clear black and white in this debate. The pros and cons are very contextual – who is developing it, for what application, in what timeframe, towards what end? It always helps to understand both sides of the debate. So let’s try to take a closer look at what the naysayers say. The most common apprehensions can be clubbed into three main categories: A. Large-scale Unemployment: This is the most widely acknowledged of all the risks of AI. Technology and machines replacing humans for doing certain types of work isn’t new. We all know about entire professions dwindling, and even disappearing, due to technology. Industrial Revolution too had led to large scale job losses, although many believe that these were eventually compensated for by means of creating new avenues, lowering prices, increasing wages etc. However, a growing number of economists no longer subscribe to the belief that over a longer term, technology has positive ramifications on overall employment. In fact, multiple studies have predicted large scale job losses due to technological advancements. A 2016 UN report concluded that 75% of jobs in the developing world are expected to be replaced by machines! Unemployment, particularly at a large scale, is a very perilous thing, often resulting in widespread civil unrest. AI’s potential impact in this area therefore calls for very careful political, sociological and economic thinking, to counter it effectively. B. Singularity: The concept of Singularity is one of those things that one would have imagined seeing only in the pages of a futuristic Sci-Fi novel. However, in theory, today it is a real possibility. In a nutshell, Singularity refers to that point in human civilization when Artificial Intelligence reaches a tipping point beyond which it evolves into a superintelligence that surpasses human cognitive powers, thereby potentially posing a threat to human existence as we know it today. While the idea around this explosion of machine intelligence is a very pertinent and widely discussed topic, unlike the case of technology driven unemployment, the concept remains primarily theoretical. There is as yet no consensus amongst experts on whether this tipping point can ever really be reached in reality. C. Machine Consciousness: Unlike the previous two points, which can be regarded as risks associated with the evolution of AI, the aspect of machine consciousness perhaps is best described as an ethical conundrum. The idea deals with the possibility of implanting human-like consciousness into machines, taking them beyond the realm of ‘thinking’ to that of ‘feeling, emotions and beliefs’. It’s a complex topic and requires delving into an amalgamation of philosophy, cognitive science and neuroscience. ‘Consciousness’ itself can be interpreted in multiple ways, bringing together a plethora of attributes like self-awareness, cause-effect in mental states, memory, experiences etc. To bring machines to a state of human-like consciousness would entail replicating all the activities that happen at a neural level in a human brain – by no means a meagre task. If and when this were to be achieved, it would require a paradigm shift in the functioning of the world. Human society, as we know it, will need a major redefinition to incorporate machines with consciousness co-existing with humans. It sounds far-fetched today, but questions such as this need pondering right now, so as to be able to influence the direction in which we move when it comes to AI and machine consciousness, while things are still in the ‘design’ phase so to speak. While all of the above are pertinent questions, I believe they don’t necessarily outweigh the advantages of AI. Of course, there is a need to address them systematically, control the path of AI development and minimize adverse impact. In my opinion, the greatest and most imminent risk is actually a fourth item, not often taken into consideration, when discussing the pitfalls of AI. D. Oligarchy: Or to put it differently, the question of control. Due to the very nature of AI – it requires immense investments in technology and science – there are realistically only a handful of organizations (private or government) that can make the leap into taking AI into the mainstream, in a scalable manner, and across a vast array of applications. There is going to be very little room for small upstarts, however smart they might be, to compete at scale against these. Given the massive aspects of our lives that will likely be steered by AI enabled machines, those who control that ‘intelligence’ will hold immense power over the rest of us. That all familiar phrase ‘with great power, comes great responsibility’ will take a whole new meaning – the organizations and/or individuals that are at the forefront of the generally available AI applications would likely have more power than the most despotic autocrats in history. This is a true and real hazard, aspects of which are already becoming areas of concern in the form of discussions around things like privacy. In conclusion, AI, like all major transformative events in human history, is certain to have wide reaching ramifications. But with careful forethought these can be addressed. In the short to medium term, the advantages of AI in enhancing our lives, will likely outweigh these risks. Any major conception that touches human lives in a broad manner, if not handled properly, can pose immense danger. The best analogy I can think of is religion – when not channelled appropriately, it probably poses a greater threat than any technological advancement ever could.

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GOVERNMENTS LEVERAGING BIG DATA INNOVATIONS TO TACKLE CORONAVIRUS

Article | April 2, 2020

The outbreak of coronavirus has taken many countries under its hood. Most of them are suffering from economic loss and a higher mortality rate. Amid this, governments are in a great dilemma how to handle the circumstances around the falling economy and upsurging coronavirus infections. In order to get better hold onto situations across their countries, they are moving towards innovative technology adoption. Out of all the new-age technologies, big data and data analytics can serve with a great opportunity, where governments across various nations can understand the outbreak analytics.

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Time Machine Big Data of the Past for the Future of Europe

Article | February 24, 2020

Emerging technology has the power to transform history and cultural heritage into a living resource. The Time Machine project will digitise archives from museums and libraries, using Artificial Intelligence and Big Data mining, to offer richer interpretations of our past. An inclusive European identity benefits from a deep engagement with the region’s past. The Time Machine project set out to offer this by exploiting already freely accessible Big Data sources. EU support for a preparatory action enabled the development of a decade-long roadmap for the large-scale digitisation of kilometres of archives, from large museum and library collections, into a distributed information system. Artificial Intelligence (AI) will play a key role at each step, from digitisation planning to document interpretation and fact-checking. Once embedded, this infrastructure could create new business and employment opportunities across a range of sectors including ICT, the creative industries and tourism.

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Spotlight

BCX

BCX is Africa’s leading premier ICT solutions and service provider with the technology, capability and skills to deliver end-to-end digital solutions for large and medium enterprises in the public and private sectors. BCX leads with an unrivalled ICT solutions embedded on the foundation of unmatched Data Centre and Network Infrastructure and include world class solutions in ICT consulting and digital readiness assessments; a complete range of managed solutions that include both LAN and WAN; unified communications and connectivity solutions.

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